What are Calories Part 2

So last time, in the guise of addressing the emails of an Internet crazy person and his assertion (so far as I can tell) that since calories are not an actual physical thing, the calorie model of body weight is not valid. I addressed a ton of different issues related to the concepts of calories. This included what they are, how they are measured, some serious pedantry regarding vocabulary and what they ultimately represent. The overall summary of what I wrote there is that while it is true that calories are not a physical entity (i.e. I can’t hand you a bottle of calories), they are valid in that they represent a defined measurable quantity related to how something that is real (i.e. food or nutrients) is metabolized within the body.

What are Calories Part 1

Which is why I said at the outset that the crazy person who sends me the ranty emails is both right and wrong. He’s right in the sense that calories are not a physically existing object. But he’s wrong in his interpretation of that fact as, like many other aspects of the world, it is a relevant definition in that it represents the bodily metabolism of something physical that does exist (notably the macronutrients in our diet). We simply use calories as a proxy for the metabolism of those nutrients and use shorthand non-literal terminology such as a ‘a food contains’ or ‘we eat’ X calories to talk about it.

Does the EC Stack Stop Working

And the answer, in my opinion is no. Rather, the perceived loss of effect is for a different reason. And that reason is how the body adapts to dieting. We know that with dieting/fat loss, there are adaptations that occur in all aspects of the energy balance equation. There is an increase in hunger and appetite along with increased enjoyment of highly rewarding foods (highly palatable, high-calorie, high-fat, high-sugar foods). There is even an increased noticing and attention to those foods that occurs.

Antidepressants and Weight Gain

I couldn’t really answer the first question as asked since some anti-depressants are just as likely to cause weight loss as weight gain. Much of it depends on the type of medication you’re talking about and the context as always. So let me look at a few different types of medications and how they might or might not impact on this.

Cold Exposure and Calorie Burning – Q&A

The short answer is yes-ish but there are a few caveats; as usual I’ll trudge (hopefully briefly) through some of the physiology. The basic idea is that, by being exposed to cold, the body has to burn calories to generate heat. And there is truth to that. Some of this is due to shivering but there is also the whole brown/beige/brite adipose tissue thing that may be at play here.

Another Look at Metabolic Damage

That topic, of course is the idea of metabolic damage, something I have written about on the site previously. But rather than write something new, I just got permission from Alan Aragon to reproduce an interview I originally did for his (highly recommended) research review. It’s only $10 a year and chock full (that’s right, CHOCK!) of the most current research on diet and training along with interviews with top current coaches and feature articles on all topics big and small. Go subscribe, subscribe now.

A time-efficient reduction of fat mass in 4 days with exercise and caloric restriction – Research Review

However, there is the occasional paper that comes along that imposes a fairly large amount of activity and generates a fairly large amount of fat loss. One that comes to mind (that I cannot find at the moment) had subjects bicycle for 2 hours/day 6 days/week and saw a significant fat loss over the length of the study. Every so often, someone will come along on a forum and ask if doing some absurd amount of activity will generate massive fat loss (one person I recall from a forum decided to do something like 6-8 hours of low intensity cycling, while seated at his desk, and keeping calories stable and just lost fat at a staggering rate).

Training the Obese Beginner: Part 6

Ok, seriously, time to finish this thing up. In Training the Obese Beginner: Part 5, I made a case for the inclusion of both weight training and cardiovascular training for the obese beginner, despite having listed some limitations to both in earlier parts of the series. I also described what I did generally as far as a first workout session with my beginners, including the obese.

Training the Obese Beginner: Part 5

Well, I had really hoped to finish up today since I have something else to talk about next week but, well….Tuesday or this thing will be unreadably long, even for me. Today, I want to start to bring together everything I’ve talked about, addressing why I think the inclusion of both weight training and cardiovascular training of some sort is important for the obese beginner and why both should be done from day 1.

Training the Obese Beginner: Part 4

In Training the Obese Beginner: Part 3 I basically summarized everything to date to conclude that the best approach to target all of the various issues going in this population on was a combination of progressive volume higher rep weight training (to deplete muscle glycogen) along with dietary modifications (both carbohydrate and/or calorie reductions).

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